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Raising Awareness on PCOS

PCOS is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age, often causing irregular periods, excess hair growth, acne, and ovarian cysts. Irregular periods, heavy bleeding, acne, hair thinning or excessive hair growth (hirsutism), weight gain, and difficulty getting pregnant are common symptoms of PCOS. While the exact cause is not known, genetics, insulin resistance, and high levels of certain hormones play a role.

A diagnosis involves a combination of medical history, physical exams, and blood tests to measure hormone levels. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms. It can include lifestyle changes (diet and exercise), hormonal birth control, and medications to manage insulin resistance or other symptoms.

PCOS can make it challenging to conceive due to irregular ovulation. Fertility treatments can help some women with PCOS become pregnant. Women with PCOS are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and endometrial cancer. Regular health checkups are important.

Maintaining a healthy weight, regular exercise, and a balanced diet can help manage symptoms and reduce risks. Remember, if you suspect you have PCOS or have concerns about your health, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and guidance.

Written by Duaa

EDited by Prahlad

Photo credit: Maple Leaf Medical Center

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