This cycle is a roller coaster of emotions. Generally,people tend to relate the menstrual cycle to pain or mood swings. Having or getting mood swings isn’t a delusion or just a myth; it’s for real.
Women can experience Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), which is a severe, sometimes disabling extension of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Although PMS and PMDD both have physical and emotional symptoms, PMDD causes extreme mood shifts that can disrupt daily life and damage relationships.
PMS is what most women experience often. PMS includes mood swings, irritability, depression, anger, anxiety, insomnia, changes in appetite, food cravings, muscle pain, fatigue, bloating, social withdrawal, absenteeism from work or school, and poor work or academic performance.
Common mood swings that most women face are:
Irritability: This symptom emerges one to two weeks before the beginning of the cycle. And often lasts for three to four days after the end of the cycle. Irritability can be avoided by regular exercise, which often reduces premenstrual symptoms, and getting enough sleep. Relaxation techniques such as mindfulness, meditation, and yoga may also help.
Depression: The cycles of menstruation are times of intense hormonal fluctuation that can increase vulnerability to depression. Sometimes periods increase psychological distress and irritability and decrease self-esteem. Many women additionally report increased personal conflicts and reduced social engagement premenstrually and during menstruation. This may contribute to depression and isolation.
Nervousness and anxiety: anxiety before a period can be a sign of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). It may result from hormonal changes. Existing mental health conditions can also worsen at this time. If you experience anxiety the day or two before your bleed begins, you may be responding to the drop in both progesterone and estrogen that happens at this time.
Using relaxation techniques to reduce stress may help control your premenstrual anxiety.
Written by Jiah
Edited by Prahlad Madhu